HERMIT in action: Succinct secondary indexing mechanism via correlation exploration


Database administrators construct secondary indexes on data tables to accelerate query processing in relational database management systems (RDBMSs). These indexes are built on top of the most frequently queried columns according to the data statistics. Unfortunately, maintaining multiple secondary indexes in the same database can be extremely space consuming, causing significant performance degradation due to the potential exhaustion of memory space. However, we find that there indeed exist many opportunities to save storage space by exploiting column correlations. We recently introduced HERMIT, a succinct secondary indexing mechanism for modern RDBMSs. HERMIT judiciously leverages the rich soft functional dependencies hidden among columns to prune out redundant structures for indexed key access. Instead of building a complete index that stores every single entry in the key columns, HERMIT navigates any incoming key access queries to an existing index built on the correlated columns. This is achieved through the Tiered Regression Search Tree (TRS-TREE), a succinct, ML-enhanced data structure that performs fast curve fitting to adaptively and dynamically capture both column correlations and outliers. In this demonstration, we showcase HERMIT’s appealing characteristics. we not only demonstrate that HERMIT can significantly reduce space consumption with limited performance overhead in terms of query response time and index maintenance time, but also explain in detail the rationale behind HERMIT’s high efficiency using interactive online query processing examples.

In International Conference on Very Large Data Bases, VLDB
Jia Yu
Jia Yu

Jia Yu is a co-founder of Wherobots Inc. and leads its engineering team. Jia is the creator of Apache Sedona and was a Tenure-Track Assistant Professor of Computer Science at Washington State University from 2020 to 2023. Jia’s research interests include database systems, distributed data systems and geospatial data management.